영어영문학연구, Vol.59 no.4 (2017)
pp.1~21

계몽의 빛과 탈신비화의 문제 : 『배스커빌가의 개』 연구

강관수

(신경대학교)

윤천기

(서남대학교)

According to the program of the Enlightenment, ‘reason’s light’ reveals the mechanism of the world and expels an unreasonable phenomenon. This is called “the demystification of the world”, which is the ideal of modernity. They ascribe undecipherable phenomenon to supernatural power which they cannot understand. But the Enlightenment thinkers say we can understand the world if we grasp its principle by observations and scientific methods. Detective novel is a realization of scientific ideas and the Enlightenment program. Through observations, scientific knowledge and scientific imagination, detectives can solve the mystery of the crime. The Hound of the Baskervilles deals with a killing game between Holmes and Stapleton. Holmes uses his scientific knowledge against a big hellish hound with burning eyes and a bloody mouth of the Baskerville family. The hound reminds us of the Cerberus in a Greek mythology, and it gives a horrible feeling to the farmers in Dartmoor. But Holmes rejects this fearful feeling because the dog is not a supernatural being, but a real dog with flesh and blood. Holmes’ Science of reasoning casts the light of the Enlightenment on the dark world of crime in The Hound of the Baskervilles, and deconstructs the mysterious legend of the past.
  배스커빌가; 탈신비화; 탐정소설; 계몽; 이성의 빛; Baskerville Family; Demystification; Detective Novel; Enlightenment; Reason’s Light

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