영어영문학연구, Vol.60 no.1 (2018)
pp.23~40

상품문화와 계급불안, 전통적 귀족사회의 해체 : 루돌프 발렌티노를 원형으로 읽는 『위대한 개츠비』

김명성

(고려대학교)

When Nick Carraway and Jordan Baker hear “The Sheik of Araby,” F. Scott Fitzgerald constructs a substantial identification between Rudolph Valentino’s feminized male eroticism and Jay Gatsby’s exoticness as a modern dandy in The Great Gatsby. The song was composed about a movie The Sheik (1921) where Valentino performed a young head of an Arabian clan. In constructing Gatsby’s ethnicity and sexuality in the novel, Fitzgerald alludes to the Italian-born actor Valentino who gained success through the erotic commodification of his unmarked transvestism and hyper-manhood, which laid him open to xenophobic attack in the early-twentieth-century U.S. culture. The implicit presence of Valentino, whose commodified ethnicity agitated the sense of class security of mainstream white aristocracy, shapes Tom’s xenophobia against Gatsby’s ethnicity in The Great Gatsby. The prototypal construction of Valentino places the novel in the historical era when a profitable but unassimilable commodity in an industry built on ethnic success infiltrated into the market-driven culture. In this cultural milieu, Gatsby’s willingness to commodify himself opens up new ways to penetrate the class barrier not through traditional class struggle but through self-reinvention.
  상품 문화, 소비주의, 스콧 피츠제럴드, 루돌프 발렌티노, 위대한 개츠비, 이방인혐오

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