pISSN: 1598-3293

영어영문학연구, Vol.62 no.2 (2020)
pp.1~21

DOI : 10.18853/jjell.2020.62.2.001

현대 미국에서의 흑백 인종간의 혼합과 (반)담론들

고강일

(연세대학교 미래캠퍼스)

This essay surveys the history of racial mixing and its (counter) discourses in modern America. The creation of American modernity was a highly racialized project. Since the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson case, white mainstream society’s efforts to build and maintain a “modern” America determined by race were diverse, tenacious, and pernicious. The legal, extralegal and discursive devices that white supremacists invoked in order to police racial boundaries are easily enumerated: lynching, the miscegenation taboo, anti-miscegenation laws, anti-immigration laws, the one-drop rule, and so on. Exploring the combined sexualization and racialization of African American people in American modern history, this essay first considers the “miscegenation taboo” as a major ideological vehicle in establishing and enhancing the white male privilege. I also examine its counter discourse advanced by W. E. B. Du Bois and address his masculinist bias. No writer has explored the complicity of racism and American modernity as clearly as Du Bois. Focusing on the short story, “Of the Coming of John,” Du Bois’s first “martyr tale,” this essay interrogates his desire for male privilege embedded in the story’s anti-racist politics. In doing so, my essay concludes that both “miscegenation taboo” and its counter discourse enact traditional gender hierarchy.
  미국 현대사; 인종간의 혼합; 잡혼 금기; 듀보이스; 「존의 도래」;American modern history; racial mixing; miscegenation taboo; Du Bois; “Of the Coming of John”

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