pISSN: 1598-3293

영어영문학연구, Vol.62 no.3 (2020)
pp.119~137

DOI : 10.18853/jjell.2020.62.3.006

『차라투스트라는 이렇게 말했다』와 헤밍웨이 주인공의 성장 — “세 단계 변화”를 중심으로

조준희

(한라대학교)

This paper aims to examine the agreement of the growth of Hemingway’s heros and Nietzsche’s ‘The three metamorphoses’. Hemingway’s protagonists’ thought and a mode of living change from immature Nick in In Our Time into the most ideal character Santiago in The Old Man and the Sea. Nietzsche asserts the process of three metamorphoses through Zarathustra’s instruction, how the sprit becomes the camel, the camel a lion, and the lion at last a child. Hemingway’s earlier protagonists, Nick, Frederic and Jake are suffering from the wound at battlefield. So they lead a life kneeling the load-bearing down like the camel. In the middle period, Jordan does not stay in the stage of camel any longer. He devotes himself to justice in Spain and universal brotherhood during The Spanish Civil War and becomes the lion who seeks for and tries to capture freedom. Reaching the last stage, Santiago realizes the most ideal ecological ethics and becomes the baby who has innocence and holy Yea, revealing the friendship and brotherhood to the marlin. Hemingway’s protagonists neither stay at earlier stage nor stop their growing. Therefore theses aspects match with Zarathustra’s instruction, the three metamorphoses.
  차라투스트라; 니체; 세 단계 변화; 헤밍웨이 주인공; 성장;Zarathustra; Nietzsche; the three metamorphoses; Hemingway’s heros; growth

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