pISSN: 1598-3293

영어영문학연구, Vol.62 no.4 (2020)

DOI : 10.18853/jjell.2020.62.4.011

On the Status of English Mid Back Vowel /ɔ/ in Production and Perception of Korean Speakers

Son, Gayeon

(Kwangwoon University)

This study investigated the acquisition mechanism for foreign vowel categories, focusing on the production and perception of English mid back vowel /ɔ/ by native Korean speakers. English mid back vowel /ɔ/ does not have a corresponding counterpart in the Korean vowel inventory, so through the production and perception of /ɔ/, the phonetic similarities/differences to the native vowel categories and to English adjacent vowel categories were analyzed. The results of the production experiment revealed that the effect of English experiences on the phonetic accuracy is significant, and no phonetic merger of /ɔ/ to other vowels was observed for the high proficiency group, suggesting that a new phonemic category for /ɔ/ has been established. The productions of the low proficiency group were phonetically inconsistent and showed a vowel merger to Korean /u/. In perception, a significant effect of English experiences on the perceptual accuracy was found, and the low proficiency listeners failed to distinguish /ɔ/ from /ɑ/. It is predicted that the two speaker groups have different vowel categories in their phonological system, and the native phonological system affects the production and perception of foreign phonemic categories.
  영어; 한국어; 모음 범주; 영어 후설모음; 언어경험 ;English; Korean; vowel category; English back vowel; linguistic experience

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