pISSN: 1598-3293

영어영문학연구, Vol.63 no.2 (2021)
pp.1~22

DOI : 10.18853/jjell.2021.63.2.001

뉴욕 산보자로서의 홀든 코필드의 멜랑꼴리와 성장 연구

김대중

(강원대학교)

This study aims to explore how Holden Caulfield, the iconic character in American literature following Huckleberry Fin and Jay Gatsby, gets over his melancholy and fantasies and finally achieves the idea of growing up. The paper mainly utilizes Walter Benjamin’s theoretical ideas such as flâneur, melancholy, constellation of dialectical images sprung from childhood memories, etc, Holden Caulfield’s wandering as a flâneur are contextualized with his contradictory feelings of hatred and enthrallment to New York City and war experience as the historical background which also contradicts dazzling spectacle of the city. Holden, mesmerized yet shocked by spectacles, roams the city to encounter various characters that play symbolic roles to constitute allegories containing violence and fantasies. As being tantamount to Benjamin’s experience dialectically delineated with fragmentary and allegorical images, Holden’s experiences present moments of disillusionments from fantasies—a role of tragic hero devoting his life to save children, permanence of innocence, etc. Holden finally realizes that he cannot be the catcher; rather through creative usage of melancholy he reveals the potential to become an artist.
  『호밀밭의 파수꾼』, 샐린저, 발터 벤야민, 산보자, 멜랑꼴리

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